A01 A02 A03 A04 A05 A06 A07 A09 A10 A11 A12 A13 A14 A18 A19 A21 F01 F02 INF

A18 – How learning shapes immunity

Martin Hadamitzky, Manfred Schedlowski

Based on our established taste-immune paradigm in rats employing the immunosuppressive drug cyclosporine A (CsA), we will investigate extinction and reconsolidation of behavioral conditioned immune responses of immunomodulating compounds with distinct cell signaling pathways (rapamycin, methotrexate), Moreover, we will employ DREADDs to analyze the role of brain structures steering these learning processes, and will analyze the potential clinical relevance of learned immunomodulation employing a tumor model as well as a model of chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease.

Guiding questions of A18:

  • Are learned immune responses restricted to calcineurin inhibitors such as CsA or does conditioning with other immunomodulating drugs and distinct cell signaling pathways such as RAPA or MTX operate under similar mechanisms?
  • Which brain areas mediate learning and extinction processes of conditioned immunopharmacological effects?
  • Can extinction of the learned immunopharmacological effects of RAPA and MTX be inhibited by administering sub- or low-therapeutic drug doses during retrieval as reminder cues concomitantly with the CS?
  • Are behaviorally conditioned anti-proliferative (RAPA) and anti-metabolic effects (MTX) of clinical relevance by interfering with disease progression in animal models of tumor growth and inflammatory autoimmune diseases?

Martin Hadamitzky

Projektleiter A18

Universität Duisburg-Essen

Manfred Schedlowski

Projektleiter A18

Universität Duisburg-Essen

Laura Heiß-Lueckemann

Postdoc A18

Universität Duisburg-Essen

Marie Jakobs

Doktorandin A18

Universität Duisburg-Essen

Yasmin Salem

Doktorandin A18

Universität Duisburg-Essen

Julia Bihorac

Doktorandin A18

10 project-relevant publications

Unteroberdörster M, Herring A, Bendix I, Lückemann L, Petschulat J, Sure U, Keyvani K, Hetze S, Schedlowski M, Hadamitzky M. (2021) Neurobehavioral effects in rats with experimentally induced glioblastoma after treatment with the mTOR-inhibitor rapamycin. Neuropharmacol. 184

Hadamitzky M, Bösche K, Engler A, Schedlowski M, Engler H (2015) Extinction of conditioned taste aversion is related to the aversion strength and associated with c-fos expression in the insular cortex. Neuroscience. 303: 34–41.

Hadamitzky M, Bösche K, Wirth T, Buck B, Beetz O, Christians U, Schniedewind B, Lückemann L, Güntürkün O, Engler H, Schedlowski M (2016) Memory-updating abrogates extinction of learned immunosuppression. Brain Behav Immun. 52: 40–48.

Hadamitzky M, Herring A, Kirchhof J, Bendix I, Haight MJ, Keyvani K, Lückemann L, Unteroberdörster M, Schedlowski M (2018) Repeated Systemic Treatment with Rapamycin Affects Behavior and Amygdala Protein Expression in Rats. Int J Neuropsychopharmacol. 21(6): 592–602.

Hadamitzky M, Lückemann L, Pacheco-López G, Schedlowski M (2020) Pavlovian Conditioning of Immunological and Neuroendocrine Functions. Physiol Rev. 100(1): 357–405.

Hadamitzky M, Orlowski K, Schwitalla JC, Bösche K, Unteroberdörster M, Bendix I, Engler H, Schedlowski M (2016) Transient inhibition of protein synthesis in the rat insular cortex delays extinction of conditioned taste aversion with cyclosporine A. Neurobiol Learn Mem. 133: 129–135.

Kirchhof J, Petrakova L, Brinkhoff A, Benson S, Schmidt J, Unteroberdörster M, Wilde B, Kaptchuk TJ, Witzke O, Schedlowski M (2018) Learned immunosuppressive placebo responses in renal transplant patients. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. 115(16): 4223–4227.

Lückemann L, Stangl H, Straub RH, Schedlowski M, Hadamitzky M (2019) Learned immunosuppressive placebo response attenuates disease progression in a rodent model of rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis Rheumatol. 72(4): 588-597.

Lückemann L, Unteroberdörster M, Martinez Gomez E, Schedlowski M, Hadamitzky M (2019) Behavioral conditioning of anti-proliferative and immunosuppressive properties of the mTOR inhibitor rapamycin. Brain Behav Immun. 79: 326–331.

Pacheco-López G, Niemi M-B, Kou W, Härting M, Fandrey J, Schedlowski M (2005) Neural substrates for behaviorally conditioned immunosuppression in the rat. J Neurosci. 25(9): 2330–2337.